The Russian Program Of Lunar Exploration

The program was made by the Institute of space research on behalf of Roscosmos in 2014. ISR proposes to use the Moon as a scientific testing ground for large-scale astronomical and geophysical research. It is proposed to establish on the Moon optical observatory and an automatic radio telescope- interferometer consisting of separate receivers distributed over the surface of the Moon. Despite the fact that the program has not been officially published, its main provisions, of course, was considered in the development of Federal space program for 2016-2025.
The program of the study and exploration of the Moon is divided into stages, united by a common strategic goal and varied by methods of work on the Moon. There are four stages of work on the Moon, although the experts speak of the three as the last in their program is not considered.
Scientific objectives
– study of composition of matter and physical processes at the lunar poles
– research of processes of interaction of space plasma with the surface and the properties of ecosphere at the lunar poles
– study of the internal structure of the Moon by methods of global seismometry
– the study of space rays with superhigh energies

The first stage: 2016-2028 years

By 2028 it is expected the study of the Moon by automatic stations and choosing the location for the extension of human presence. It is already known that it will be at the South pole, but the exact location will be chosen only after the automatic mission will have provided all the information about the resources needed to supply future base, including energy (sun light), the presence of ice etc.
Moreover, till 2025 it is planned to start the schematic design of the automatic research of stations of a new generation that will be able to start exploring the Moon in the second half of the next decade and beyond 2030.

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